The United States Department of Defense has set standards for software products generally known as file shredders. A file shredder is a specific type of software program that will write onto sectors of a computer hard drive or other digital storage device with a random pattern of information. The purpose of this is to breakdown previously accessible information into an endless amount of undecipherable bytes of computer code.

One can easily see why the government would need this type of program, considering that they often sell their computer hardware as surplus once it becomes obsolete. We could not very well have secret plans being reconstructed by parties unknown after they picked up a used government PC at an auction. For this reason, before anyone discards an older computer onto which they’ve written personal or private information, they should read a few file shredder reviews, choose an acceptable software product, and use that product to completely wipe clean their computer’s hard disk drive of any previously stored information.

Very often people confuse recovery of Microsoft Outlook Express DBX files with recovery of Outlook Express emails. Perhaps this is because they do not realize that the DBX file and files used on your computer for Microsoft Outlook Express are actually folders that hold many other files using a different extension, that being EML. A very quick look at those letters shows us what an eml file stands for. To recover Outlook Express messages, one must first download a quality third party program to recover deleted Outlook Express emails such as that offered by Remo software. These programs will quickly scan through your computer’s entire hard drive and create for you a list of all recoverable DBX folders. Furthermore this same program will be able to open and access the DBX folders to read emails that are hidden within. Unlike most general purpose data recovery situations recovery of Microsoft Outlook for Outlook Express emails requires a program specifically designed for that purpose.

Microsoft Outlook uses a special file for personal storage of emails and scheduling functions such as calendars and notebooks. Very often this file referred to as a PST file will become damaged when messages within it are compacted or new messages are scanned for by antivirus software. Another issue with Microsoft Outlook is that the inbox size is limited to 2 GB of information and once exceeded, basically the inbox shuts down.

In order to rectify the situation you will need a program to recover Outlook PST information. In essence these programs perform PST repair in as much as they reconstruct your Microsoft Outlook inbox allowing you to once again access all of your stored messages. While many companies offer Microsoft Outlook recovery programs perhaps the best of these is the Outlook recovery tool presented by Remo software. Unlike lesser quality programs that merely cut down the size of your PST file so that it regains proper function, the Remo product will find and recover all of the messages in your PST file while repairing the Outlook inbox.

Imagine how difficult it would be to access files on your computer if you stood on one side of a brick wall and your computer was placed on the other. This is essentially when you’re facing when you attempt to access files on a failed Mac Computer hard drive. And, as in the brick wall analogy, you must get past barriers set up by the Mac OS X operating system in order to successfully recover Mac Data.

The Mac OS X system must verify the successful operation of the computer’s hard disk drive before it will allow access. This means that should any sector of that drive have failed, access beyond that point is denied. This process is known as disk verification. Quality programs for Mac partition recovery enable you to leapfrog over the wall or barrier of disk verification and immediately access any stored files on your Mac computer. For this reason one must never attempt file recovery on a Mac using a Windows based data recovery tool despite claims by software makers, as it is an impossibility for the program to successfully recover lost Mac files.

Most digital cameras use an SD card or another memory card to store photographs that have been taken until those image files can be downloaded onto a computer hard drive. Once they are downloaded one can readily edit, save and transfer their digital photographs to friends and other storage. what many people may not realize is that during the process of downloading files from their digital camera to their computer very often image file information is lost. This can happen if the download is interrupted for any reason whatsoever such as a power loss or a loose connecting cable.

And, to be quite honest, digital image degradation may occur simply during the process of data streaming from your camera memory card to your computer. To recover lost data from SD card storage you will need a third party data recovery tool such as the Windows recovery programs or Mac Data recovery programs offered by Remo software. These quality programs to recover data allow even the most inexperienced computer user to locate and recover virtually any type of deleted file.

There are many reasons why one might wish to migrate Outlook profile information. For example, one might be moving all of their data to a new computer or establishing their inbox on a network. Another primary reason that people migrate Outlook data is to backup Outlook files safely in an external location. This serves as a failsafe line of defense for attacks from dangerous computer viruses and malware.

At the present time most people approach the problem of defeating computer virus attacks by using popular and powerful anti virus software. While the programs themselves are extremely effective, they face the continual difficulty of newer and more powerful viruses being developed and unleashed every day. The only way to be completely certain that your Microsoft Outlook files and applications are safe is to save them on a scheduled automated basis several times per day. Recent developments in programs to backup Outlook files from companies such as Remo software have allowed average computer users to backup their Outlook inbox and files automatically.

When most people need to delete a file they simply place it in their Windows recycle bin and empty the bin or delete it using the shift delete function. But does this process permanently delete files? Actually it does not, when you simply delete a file on a Windows based computer either from your internal hard drive or other digital media connected to that computer such as a USB flash drive, all you accomplish is to mark the area of the digital storage that holds that file as now available for more information. Slowly, as new information overwrites the old, the original file content is destroyed.

But if your objective was to remove all traces of that information, you have completely failed as almost any data recovery program can quickly read and restore that information. To permanently delete files what you will need is called a file shredder or drive wipe program. These programs will purposely write random information into the area your deleted file was originally stored. The program to erase files then does this over writing process repetitively until it is a mathematical impossibility to reconstruct the original file.

NTFS stands for the New Technology File System. This is the file storage and retrieval system used by all the most recent Windows operating systems. It is important to note this, as when we save files, this file structure system is used to organize and access them. The most common usage of NTFS is in dividing up the available space in your computer’s internal hard drive. Generally speaking these divisions are known as partitions and more specifically as NTFS partitions. It is not uncommon to have entry to an entire NTFS partition be denied due to loss of essential operating system files.

The basic procedure to restore those operating system files and consequently restore access to your computer’s hard drive is to reload your version of Windows. But before you can do this you must recover corrupted NTFS partition information. Technically this information is not yet lost but the moment you reload Windows and reformat your hard drive all of your previously stored files are marked as deleted and the space they held on your computer’s hard drive is ready to be overwritten. Before you can restore your computer to its original operating condition you must use a data recovery program to recover lost NTFS partition files.

Restoring lost data such as corrupted or accidentally deleted files used to be a function that required you to remove your hard drive from your computer and send away to a data recovery service laboratory. Today, the entire process of recovering inadvertently deleted files or to recover files from formatted hard drive sectors when Windows has been reloaded before data recovery can be done quickly and easily from your home or business office. Simply download any quality file recovery program and direct that program to scan through your computer’s internal hard drive or any other digital media such as a USB flash drive from which you need to recover lost files. Most of these programs have two levels of search function, one being a quick search that will recover around 95% of your lost files.

The other search function known as a thorough search or complete search will recover 100% of all deleted files but will take a considerably longer length of time to scan through your digital media. Begin with the quick search and you should be presented with a fairly accurate list of all recoverable files in just a few minutes. The better quality file recovery programs are built with wizard style graphic user interfaces that make recovering lost data possible for even the most inexperienced computer user.

The main premise behind hard drive cloning software is that creating an exact copy of all of the information, including obsolete and deleted information, stored on a computer hard disk drive allows one to reinstall and restore that information very quickly. Unfortunately many makers of this software have only completed half of the job in as much as their programs have difficulty reinstalling the image onto a reformatted drive or onto a new drive that is of a different size. This can create a scenario where you must buy another program commonly referred to as an iso or image buster to recover your files with.

Generally speaking, the best hard disk cloning software is developed by data recovery companies as they are well experienced in dealing with the need to recover formatted partition data. It should also be noted that many companies offer combination file recovery and disk cloning for backup software. This is always the best hard disk cloning software option.

An important fact to remember when purchasing software for crashed hard drive recovery is that you must purchase a program specifically designed for your computer’s operating system. For example Windows based PCs will require a Windows data recovery software program. Likewise Apple Macintosh computers use Mac OS X and can only have files recovered from their hard disk with a Mac recovery program. Fortunately, these are available from many quality software vendors.

Another important hard disk data recovery software tip to take note of is that many companies sell software claiming it is specifically targeted at a particular version of the Windows operating system. For instance, they will call their product Vista data recovery program or Windows Seven data recovery hoping to attract attention to their product with its specific nature. Generally speaking this is a mark of an inferior product. A good data recovery program will support every version of the operating system used. A final point relative to hard disk data recovery is that there are many extremely low priced file recovery tools on the market. Most of them are obsolete and ineffective. Expect to pay between $40 and $100 for a quality data recovery software tool.

Deleting files from your computer’s hard disk does not erase hard drive data permanently. When you delete a file either by emptying your Windows recycle bin or using shift delete, all you really do is remove the labeling on that file sector of your computer’s hard disk drive, that label being the file name, and mark that file sector as now being available to store new information.

Anyone with a quality data recovery program can come along and within minutes scan your entire hard drive so as to read all of the previously deleted information and copy away that which suits them. A portion of the information that they recover may be important financial records such as credit card numbers or banking information. Businesses are at risk to lose personal records and medical information. The only solution is to delete data permanently by using a file shredder program. In choosing a file shredder program make sure the one you pick exceeds all United States Department of Defense security requirements.

Often people write to us and ask questions about email recovery. Invariably, these questions fall into two categories. The first and most common question asks us how to recover accidentally deleted emails lost on free web based email services such as Yahoo or AOL. To be honest this type of mail recovery is extremely difficult. When you delete emails using a web based service, those messages are placed temporarily into a recycle bin or trash container. There is a set limit of time that these will remain there before being permanently deleted, however, if you look in the trash file quickly enough you will be allowed to restore any recently deleted emails.

Barring this, emails that have been opened recently on your computer’s desktop can sometimes be recovered by using a data recovery tool and searching through the temp file folders. Emails received and sent through popular e-mail clients such as Microsoft Outlook or Microsoft Outlook Express can easily be recovered by using software programs developed exactly for this purpose. Such programs will find the appropriate file type associated with your e-mail clients such as a PST or DBX file and reconstruct for recovery all of the messages sent using this format.

Almost every major quality digital camera maker initially stores their files in a unique to their company format. These proprietary file types are known as RAW files. Raw files contain data specific to the creation of the photograph with the scope of the manufacturers design. When you download your camera’s files onto a computer hard drive or other digital media such as a USB flash drive, the software handling the download converts the manufacturer’s files to a more common image file format such as a JPG or JPEG.

Unfortunately the transfer does not always go as one would hope and very often files are lost. When this happens you will need a digital photo recovery program designed to search through your digital camera’s storage and recover those original manufacturer formatted files. This same program to recover digital photos should be able to quickly scan your computer’s internal hard drive and recover from it any accidentally deleted image files in all the popular formats.

When trying to determine how to recover data from laptop hard drive disks, you must first check the drive for physical damage. Before you can recover deleted files from laptop hard drive storage you will need to make sure that the hard drive in question has not suffered a cyclic redundancy error. A cyclic redundancy error basically means that the spinning disc inside of your laptop computer’s hard drive is no longer rotating. Basically this means the hard disk drive and your computer has frozen. With many data recovery programs costing hundreds of dollars be sure you don’t invest in this software to later find out that you have a hardware related problem.

Fortunately physical damage to a hard drive occurs very rarely. You’re still left with two options when you wish to diagnose and repair a crashed hard drive or even if you simply want to recover deleted files from laptop hard drive storage that were accidentally erased. You can download onto your computer a quality laptop deleted file recovery program, and then see if the program returns a CRC error message in which case you know that the hard drive in question must be replaced. Or if the download the software does not return the cyclic redundancy error message you can proceed to use that program to rescue your files from your laptop hard disk drive.

The best way to repair DBX files is to put ourselves in a position where we do not have to repair them at all. You can do this by using an Outlook Express backup program. These programs will archive all of your Microsoft Outlook Express data separately on your computer’s internal hard drive so that an overstuffed Outlook Express inbox does not result in slow retrieval of messages. Of course the very nature of Outlook Express DBX messages is that they are prone to corruption from many areas such as oversized files and file transfer.

Even if you use the best backup program available you are very likely to need software that will repair Outlook Express DBX file corruption problems. It is important to note that programs for repair of the larger more sophisticated Microsoft Outlook do not necessarily support recovery of lost, damaged or corrupted Microsoft Outlook Express files. When you go to purchase a program for Outlook Express recovery make sure it specifically targets DBX repair.

Why is the Remo Data Eraser superior to all other file deletion programs on the market? To begin with, many programs for file deletion are only exactly that, a file delete. But simply deleting a file does not erase the information it was built with and anyone with a data recovery program and access to your computer can restore your files and copy them.

So what if you do buy a conventional file shredder? You may be getting a quality product, but completely erasing files involves overwriting the original files sector on your hard drive or other digital storage media. This must be done randomly many times over. Programs that simply overwrite with a blanket of information can be overcome and are susceptible to being reconstructed. The Remo data eraser program takes original information and scrambles it into literally billions of tiny pieces. Then it does this over and over again allowing you to wipe data from hard drive storage until the file it is so dismantled no program could ever reconstruct it.